Sending and Receiving JSON messages in Kafka

Sometime back i wrote couple of articles for Java World about Kafka Big data messaging with Kafka, Part 1 and Big data messaging with Kafka, Part 2, you can find basic Producer and Consumer for Kafka along with some basic samples.
I wanted to figure out how do i pass JSON message using Kafka. It looks like Kafak Connect provides a simple JSON Serializer org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonSerializer and Desrializer org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonDeserializer that uses Jackson JSON parser. I wanted to figure out how to use it, so i built following sample
  • First i did create a Contact Object, which is a simple Pojo that has 3 fields contactId, firstName and lastName. Take a look at main() method, in which i create simple object of Contact and then convert it to JSON and write to console.
  • Next i created, which reads values in CSV format like 1,Sunil,Patil from command line and parse it to Contact object first. Then i convert Contact object into JSONNode and pass it as value to Kafka, The JSONSerializer converts the JsonNode into byte[]
    The producer code is mostly same as one required for passing String, with difference that on line 35, i am creating object of com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper and then on line 41 i am converting Contact object into JSONNode by calling objectMapper.valueToTree(contact)
  • Since i am using org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonSerializer on the producer i have to use org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonDeserializer on the Consumer, Then while creating KafkaConsumer object i declare that i will get String key and JSONNode as value. Then once i get messages from Kafka i am calling mapper.treeToValue(jsonNode,Contact.class) to read the message and convert it back to Contact object.
Now you can run the producer and consumer with same topic name and it should work

No comments: