The Cache-Control header has no-cache and no-store headers that look very similar and i wanted to figure out what is difference between them so i did few experiments and this is what i found.
I do have a simple Html page on my Apache Server and that page has a static image which is also served by Apache Http Server and i tried setting Cache-Control :no-cache and Cache-Control: no-store header for that image and i used Firefox to find the results.
Tells the browser and cache that they cant reuse the content without checking with the originating server first. Ex. If you send no-cache header from the originating server, then the resource will be cached in browser as well as caching proxy, but next time when you request that resource, the cache it will send conditional GET request to check if the resource is changed. If yes then server will send HTTP 200 response, if the resource is not changed it will send HTTP 304 response
Important Note: The no-cache header tells browser that you can reuse the image but you should validate it with the originating server if the resource is actually changed
This is screen shot of my firefox when i tried accessing the sample page
Then i went to the firefox cache information page at about:cache and i looked for the cachesample.gif, and there is entry for the cachesample.gif in diskcache like this
Now whenever i go to the page, the browser makes conditional GET request to the server and since i am not changing image, it always gets HTTP 304 (Not Modified)
The no-store directive is more strict, it means the response cannot be written to the cache at all. Ex. If you send no-store for a response then cache wont store it at all and next time when it gets request for that resource it will send that request to the originating server, which will send the full response with HTTP 200 status
This is what i see when i try to access the same page, but now apache is configured to return Cache-Control: no-store header
After that i tried searching in the firefox cache configure (about:cache) page but i could not find the entry for the image in disk cache. Also when i go to the page that has this page, it makes a full request, without If-Modified-Since and server always returns full response with body and status code equal to 200.