Mixing mod_expires and mod_headers

The cache-control header gives you granular control over the caching behavior, it has directives like s-maxage, public, private in addition to the max-age directive.

The mod_expires module can be used for setting only max-age directive but what is you want to configure the proxy related directives say you want to set Cache-Control to something like this


Cache-Control max-age=7776000, public,s-maxage=2592000


This means the browser can cache the resource for 3 months but the public cache, such as cache proxy can cache it for 1 month.

You should use mix of mod_expires and mod_headers to set these headers by adding following lines to the httpd.conf


ExpiresActive On

<FilesMatch "\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|swf)$">
ExpiresDefault "access plus 3 month"
Header append Cache-Control "public,s-maxage=2592000"
</FilesMatch>


This configuration will tell Apache HTTP Server to set 3 month caching for browser and 1 month caching for cache proxy only for resources with gif|jpg|jpeg|png|swf extension.

This is screen shot of Firefox when i try to access a image from HTTP server that has the above configuration

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